World Diabetes Day - 14 November
The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Often diagnosed in childhood
Usually diagnosed in over 30 year olds
Not associated with excess body weight
Often associated with excess body weight
Often associated with higher than normal ketone levels at diagnosis
Often associated with high blood pressure and/or cholesterol levels at diagnosis
Treated with insulin injections or insulin pump
Is usually treated initially without medication or with tablets
Cannot be controlled without taking insulin
Sometimes possible to come off diabetes medication
The 4Ts - symptoms of type 1 diabetes
Some of the most noticeable and most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:
Unusually high levels of urination
Feeling tired all the time
Loss of muscular bulk and unexplained weight loss
Other symptoms which may accompany the above symptoms are:
Itchiness around the penis or vagina
Blurring of vision (caused by dryness of the eyes)
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes often develops slowly, over a period of years, and the symptoms can therefore also develop gradually. At diagnosis, people who have type 2 diabetes may show little or no symptoms of the condition. Because the symptoms develop slowly, type 2 diabetes may commonly be diagnosed following routine medical examinations or screening tests for non-related conditions.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:
Feeling tired during the day, particularly after meals (fatigue)
Often feeling hungry, particularly if you feel hungry shortly after eating (polyphagia)
Urinating more often than normal, particular needing to do so during the night (polyuria)
Feeling abnormally thirsty (polydipsia)
Itching of the skin, particularly itchiness around the genitals (genital itchiness)
Slow healing of cuts or wounds
Having regular yeast infections (thrush)
Having a skin disorder such as psoriasis or acanthosis nigricans
Sudden weight loss or loss of muscle mass
Advice from Diabetes UK
Benefits of exercising for diabetes
Some people worry that being physically active will be too tiring or make their diabetes harder to manage.
And if you’re someone who gets hypos, you’re probably worried about getting more. But activity doesn’t always make your blood sugar levels go down – it can make them go up too. We’ve made a guide to blood sugar levels and exercise to help you.
That’s a lot of worries and they’re all understandable. But we’re here to bust these myths and make sure you know all the important benefits of exercising when you have diabetes.
Benefits of being active with diabetes include:
- helps the body use insulin better
- helps you look after your blood pressure, because high blood pressure means you’re more at risk of diabetes complications
- helps to improve cholesterol (blood fats) to help protect against problems like heart disease
- helps you lose weight if you need to, and keep the weight off after you’ve lost it – there are so many more benefits to losing extra weight
- gives you energy and helps you sleep
- helps your joints and flexibility
- benefits your mind as well as your body – exercise releases endorphins, which you could think of as happy hormones. Being active is proven to reduce stress levels and improve low mood.
- and for people with Type 2 diabetes, being active helps improve your HbA1c.
Being active is even more beneficial if you do things like make healthier food choices, don’t smoke and get enough sleep.
Speak to our Fitness Manager Shani for advice on exercising for Diabetics, she will be happy to assist!