World Diabetes Day - 14 November

World Diabetes Day - 14 November

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The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Often diagnosed in childhood

Usually diagnosed in over 30 year olds

Not associated with excess body weight

Often associated with excess body weight

Often associated with higher than normal ketone levels at diagnosis

Often associated with high blood pressure and/or cholesterol levels at diagnosis

Treated with insulin injections or insulin pump

Is usually treated initially without medication or with tablets

Cannot be controlled without taking insulin

Sometimes possible to come off diabetes medication

The 4Ts - symptoms of type 1 diabetes

Some of the most noticeable and most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:

Excessive thirst

Unusually high levels of urination

Feeling tired all the time

Loss of muscular bulk and unexplained weight loss

Other symptoms which may accompany the above symptoms are:

Itchiness around the penis or vagina

Blurring of vision (caused by dryness of the eyes)

Unexpected cramping

Skin infections

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes often develops slowly, over a period of years, and the symptoms can therefore also develop gradually. At diagnosis, people who have type 2 diabetes may show little or no symptoms of the condition. Because the symptoms develop slowly, type 2 diabetes may commonly be diagnosed following routine medical examinations or screening tests for non-related conditions.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:

Feeling tired during the day, particularly after meals (fatigue)

Often feeling hungry, particularly if you feel hungry shortly after eating (polyphagia)

Urinating more often than normal, particular needing to do so during the night (polyuria)

Feeling abnormally thirsty (polydipsia)

Blurred vision

Itching of the skin, particularly itchiness around the genitals (genital itchiness)

Slow healing of cuts or wounds

Having regular yeast infections (thrush)

Having a skin disorder such as psoriasis or acanthosis nigricans

Sudden weight loss or loss of muscle mass

Advice from Diabetes UK

Benefits of exercising for diabetes

Some people worry that being physically active will be too tiring or make their diabetes harder to manage.

And if you’re someone who gets hypos, you’re probably worried about getting more. But activity doesn’t always make your blood sugar levels go down – it can make them go up too. We’ve made a guide to blood sugar levels and exercise to help you.

That’s a lot of worries and they’re all understandable. But we’re here to bust these myths and make sure you know all the important benefits of exercising when you have diabetes.

Benefits of being active with diabetes include:

  • helps the body use insulin better
  • helps you look after your blood pressure, because high blood pressure means you’re more at risk of diabetes complications
  • helps to improve cholesterol (blood fats) to help protect against problems like heart disease
  • helps you lose weight if you need to, and keep the weight off after you’ve lost it – there are so many more benefits to losing extra weight
  • gives you energy and helps you sleep
  • helps your joints and flexibility
  • benefits your mind as well as your body – exercise releases endorphins, which you could think of as happy hormones. Being active is proven to reduce stress levels and improve low mood.
  • and for people with Type 2 diabetes, being active helps improve your HbA1c.

Being active is even more beneficial if you do things like make healthier food choices, don’t smoke and get enough sleep.


Speak to our Fitness Manager Shani for advice on exercising for Diabetics, she will be happy to assist!